Cannot insert explicit value for identity column in table ” when IDENTITY_INSERT is set to OFF

Another error in transactional replication is the one related to Identity columns. That error is easy to fix and it is being raised if the setting “not for replication” is set to incorrect value on SUBSCRIBER database.

Lets start from beginning with creating table that includes identity column with following script (we do not specify “Not for Replication”, by default it will be set to 0):

SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO

SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Table_IdentityA](
	[RowID] [bigint] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
	[Field1_int] [int] NOT NULL,
	[Field2_int] [int] NOT NULL
 CONSTRAINT [PK_IdentityA] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED 
(
	[RowID] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE = OFF, 
IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS = ON, FILLFACTOR = 100) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]
GO

TAble_setup_default

After adding that table into Publication with following setting:

@identityrangemanagementoption = N’none’

Here is the script:

use [PublishedDB]
exec sp_addarticle @publication = N'IDENTITY_Test',
@article = N'Table_IdentityA', @source_owner = N'dbo',
@source_object = N'Table_IdentityA', @type = N'logbased', 
@description = N'', @creation_script = N'', @pre_creation_cmd = N'drop',
@schema_option = 0x000000000803509F, @identityrangemanagementoption = N'none', 
@destination_table = N'Table_IdentityA', @destination_owner = N'dbo',
@status = 24, @vertical_partition = N'false', 
@ins_cmd = N'CALL [sp_MSins_dboTable_IdentityA]', 
@del_cmd = N'CALL [sp_MSdel_dboTable_IdentityA]', 
@upd_cmd = N'SCALL [sp_MSupd_dboTable_IdentityA]'
GO

As there is identity column in that table SQL won’t allow you specifying ‘none’. You will get following error.

“Msg 21830, Level 16, State 1, Procedure sp_MSrepl_addarticle, Line 2124
You cannot specify schema_option 0x4 (script identity as identity rather than the base data type) for article ‘Table_IdentityA’. The value specified for the parameter @identityrangemanagementoption is NONE. To replicate identity as identity, the value must be MANUAL or AUTO for publications that do not support queued updating subscriptions.”

AUTO setting is only allowed when using updating subscriptions:

Automatic identity range support is useful only for publications that allow updating subscribers.

Microsoft is suggesting to avoid that setting:

Updatable Subscription

The only setting that we left is MANUAL. Lets add article with that setting set to Manual.

use [PublishedDB]
exec sp_addarticle @publication = N'IDENTITY_Test',
@article = N'Table_IdentityA', @source_owner = N'dbo',
@source_object = N'Table_IdentityA', @type = N'logbased', 
@description = N'', @creation_script = N'', @pre_creation_cmd = N'drop',
@schema_option = 0x000000000803509F, @identityrangemanagementoption = N'manual', 
@destination_table = N'Table_IdentityA', @destination_owner = N'dbo',
@status = 24, @vertical_partition = N'false', 
@ins_cmd = N'CALL [sp_MSins_dboTable_IdentityA]', 
@del_cmd = N'CALL [sp_MSdel_dboTable_IdentityA]', 
@upd_cmd = N'SCALL [sp_MSupd_dboTable_IdentityA]'
GO

This time no error. After Initializing and sending snapshot down to Subscriber,lets check what we have in Not For Replication.

Table_setup_subscriber

A bit surprise it is different than on Publisher. now lets try to insert rows into that table on Publisher. No issues there all 10 rows inserted properly:

no_Error_after_inserting

Lets see what has changed on Publisher:

TAble_setup_after_Adding_article

As you can see setting “Not for Replication” has changed  to 1. I did test it and it seems while adding a table with identity column into Publication, either with GUI or T-SQL that setting is being changed to 1. Replication taking care of it from it side and I would not touch that setting on Subscriber. Pretty much which ever setting it is set on Publisher it will be always changed when adding table to Publication (changed to 1).

You can also see that replication procedure for that table is passing the value of Identity column (RowId):

CREATE procedure [dbo].[sp_MSins_dboTable_IdentityA]
    @c1 bigint,
    @c2 int,
    @c3 int
as
begin  
	insert into [dbo].[Table_IdentityA](
		[RowID],
		[Field1_int],
		[Field2_int]
	) values (
    @c1,
    @c2,
    @c3	) 
end  

 

The error I mentioned at the begging can be caused only in two scenarios. First someone manually changed that setting on Subscriber database. Second is that tables on subscriber were created manually instead of snapshot. In the second scenario for example we used a backup of Published database (before Publication has been created) and restore it on Subscriber to initialize from backup.

Solution

In order to fix that error you can run following script on Subscriber database and provide table name that have an issue:

DECLARE @ApplicableObjectID INT
SET @ApplicableObjectID = OBJECT_ID('

)
EXEC sp_identitycolumnforreplication @ApplicableObjectID,1

That script will change ‘Not For Replication’ to 1 and fix the error that you have with your distribution agent.

Alternatively to prevent that happen for other table you can change that setting to all tables on Subscriber (that are populated by replication) using script

select 'EXEC sp_identitycolumnforreplication ' + CAST(c.id AS VARCHAR(10)) + ', 1' ,t.name
FROM syscolumns c
join sys.tables t
on c.id=t.object_id
WHERE columnproperty(c.id, c.name, 'IsIdentity') = 1 
AND columnproperty(c.id, c.name, 'IsIdNotForRepl') = 0
AND  is_ms_shipped <>1

That script will do all user tables that has Identity column and set “Not For Replication” = 0 and set it to 1.

Lastly I would not recommend modifying replication procedures on Subscriber by adding SET IDENTITY_INSERT setting. As any changes to table schema will update that proc to old version and it will break distribution agent again.

Even if that error is not so common I hope it helped you better understand how identity is managed by transactional replication.

The way how the changes are replicated in transactional replication (CALL vs SCALL)

As I already mentioned before Replication is using replication procedures in order to replicate data changes  Today I will focus on that how the changes can be send down to subscriber, especially for UPDATE.

By default these start with sp_MSins_%, sp_MSupd_%, sp_MSdel_%. You may already seen CALL or SCALL associated with these replication procedures. You can see these in GUI under articles properties:

call_articles_grab

or by just selecting from sysarticles on Publisher db or msarticles on distribution db:

grab_sysarticles

You can change these either by drop down list in SSMS in article properties or by using sp_changearticle stored procedures (executed on Publisher)

The most interesting in that is the UPDATE as that DML you can send down in few different ways. I will focus on two most common ones CALL and SCALL.

Lets go into more detail…

SCALL (default)

SCALL is default setting when you setting up the publication and adding articles into it. The update will pass only columns that have been changed, including PK values and lastly bitmask with information  about what columns has been changed. Here is an example how this looks like in distribution database (Browse replication commands).

Updated one column in TableD:

UpdateTAbleD_SCALL

After browsing distribution db we can find this:

TAbleD_SCALL_Browse_with comments

As you can see the first parameter is NULL, this is the column that has not been changed. Here is how the procedure looks like on Subscriber:

USE [RC] 

go 

/****** Object:  StoredProcedure [dbo].[sp_MSupd_dboTableD]    Script Date: 2/27/2018 6:00:49 AM ******/ 
SET ansi_nulls ON 

go 

SET quoted_identifier ON 

go 

ALTER PROCEDURE [dbo].[Sp_msupd_dbotabled] @c1     INT = NULL, 
                                           @c2     NVARCHAR(100) = NULL, 
                                           @c3     NVARCHAR(200) = NULL, 
                                           @pkc1   INT = NULL, 
                                           @bitmap BINARY(1) 
AS 
  BEGIN 
      DECLARE @primarykey_text NVARCHAR(100) = '' 

      IF ( Substring(@bitmap, 1, 1) & 1 = 1 ) 
        BEGIN 
            UPDATE [dbo].[tabled] 
            SET    [tabled_id] = CASE Substring(@bitmap, 1, 1) & 1 
                                   WHEN 1 THEN @c1 
                                   ELSE [tabled_id] 
                                 END, 
                   [tabled_text] = CASE Substring(@bitmap, 1, 1) & 2 
                                     WHEN 2 THEN @c2 
                                     ELSE [tabled_text] 
                                   END, 
                   [text2] = CASE Substring(@bitmap, 1, 1) & 4 
                               WHEN 4 THEN @c3 
                               ELSE [text2] 
                             END 
            WHERE  [tabled_id] = @pkc1 

            IF @@rowcount = 0 
              IF @@microsoftversion > 0x07320000 
                BEGIN 
                    IF EXISTS (SELECT * 
                               FROM   sys.all_parameters 
                               WHERE  object_id = Object_id('sp_MSreplraiserror' 
                                                  ) 
                                      AND [name] = '@param3') 
                      BEGIN 
                          SET @primarykey_text = 
                          @primarykey_text + '[TableD_ID] = ' 
                          + CONVERT(NVARCHAR(100), @pkc1, 1) 

                          EXEC Sp_msreplraiserror 
                            @errorid=20598, 
                            @param1=N'[dbo].[TableD]', 
                            @param2=@primarykey_text, 
                            @param3=13233 
                      END 
                    ELSE 
                      EXEC Sp_msreplraiserror 
                        @errorid=20598 
                END 
        END 
      ELSE 
        BEGIN 
            UPDATE [dbo].[tabled] 
            SET    [tabled_text] = CASE Substring(@bitmap, 1, 1) & 2 
                                     WHEN 2 THEN @c2 
                                     ELSE [tabled_text] 
                                   END, 
                   [text2] = CASE Substring(@bitmap, 1, 1) & 4 
                               WHEN 4 THEN @c3 
                               ELSE [text2] 
                             END 
            WHERE  [tabled_id] = @pkc1 

            IF @@rowcount = 0 
              IF @@microsoftversion > 0x07320000 
                BEGIN 
                    IF EXISTS (SELECT * 
                               FROM   sys.all_parameters 
                               WHERE  object_id = Object_id('sp_MSreplraiserror' 
                                                  ) 
                                      AND [name] = '@param3') 
                      BEGIN 
                          SET @primarykey_text = 
                          @primarykey_text + '[TableD_ID] = ' 
                          + CONVERT(NVARCHAR(100), @pkc1, 1) 

                          EXEC Sp_msreplraiserror 
                            @errorid=20598, 
                            @param1=N'[dbo].[TableD]', 
                            @param2=@primarykey_text, 
                            @param3=13233 
                      END 
                    ELSE 
                      EXEC Sp_msreplraiserror 
                        @errorid=20598 
                END 
        END 
  END --  

You can see how bitmask is used to determine if the column actual changed or no.

CALL

Firs thing lets change SCALL to CALL of TableD. You can do it in SSMS by going to Publication Properties and then to Article properties or just run T-SQL like that one:

exec sp_changearticle 
@publication ='Publication1',
@article = 'TableD',
@property ='upd_cmd',
@value='CALL [sp_MSupd_dboTableD]',
@force_invalidate_snapshot=0

After you run this you do not need to run snapshot. New update procedure will be delivered as normal replicated commands and now the code for update procedure looks like this:

create procedure [sp_MSupd_dboTableD]     @c1 int,     @c2 nvarchar(100),     @c3 nvarchar(200),     @pkc1 int
as
begin   	declare @primarykey_text nvarchar(100) = '' if not (@c1 = @pkc1)
begin  
update [dbo].[TableD] set     [TableD_ID] = @c1,     [TableD_text] = @c2,     [text2] = @c3
	where [TableD_ID] = @pkc1 if @@rowcount = 0
    if @@microsoftversion>0x07320000
		Begin
			if exists (Select * from sys.all_parameters where object_id = OBJECT_ID('sp_MSreplraiserror') and [name] = '@param3')
			Begin
				
				set @primarykey_text = @primarykey_text + '[TableD_ID] = ' + convert(nvarchar(100),@pkc1,1)
				exec sp_MSreplraiserror @errorid=20598, @param1=N'[dbo].[TableD]', @param2=@primarykey_text, @param3=13233 
			End
			Else
				exec sp_MSreplraiserror @errorid=20598
		End end   else
begin  
update [dbo].[TableD] set     [TableD_text] = @c2,     [text2] = @c3
	where [TableD_ID] = @pkc1 if @@rowcount = 0
    if @@microsoftversion>0x07320000
		Begin
			if exists (Select * from sys.all_parameters where object_id = OBJECT_ID('sp_MSreplraiserror') and [name] = '@param3')
			Begin
				
				set @primarykey_text = @primarykey_text + '[TableD_ID] = ' + convert(nvarchar(100),@pkc1,1)
				exec sp_MSreplraiserror @errorid=20598, @param1=N'[dbo].[TableD]', @param2=@primarykey_text, @param3=13233 
			End
			Else
				exec sp_MSreplraiserror @errorid=20598
		End end  end   -- 

As you can see no bitmap mask just simple update to ALL columns in tables and proc does not check if values has changed.

Now lets see how the update looks like in the distribution db. As before we just updating one column in that table:

update TableD
set text2='test_2222'
where TableD_ID=2

If you check distribution database you will see this:

CALL_browse

As you can see it does provide all columns and values even if these has not changed. It will always send everything.

CALL vs SCALL

Now you wonder why this is important? Imagine you have large table with 30 columns some big ones like varchar(max) etc. Your application updating only one column in that table…. How do you think this will affect your distribution db? Lets have a look.

I cleaned up distribution db and will populate 10 column table with 1 million rows. Then update that 1 million rows first with SCALL and then with CALL settings.

Table Structure looks like that:

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[TableA](
	[TableA_ID] [int] NOT NULL,
	[Col1] [nvarchar](100) NULL,
	[Col2] [nvarchar](100) NULL,
	[Col3] bigint NULL,
	[Col4] int NULL,
	[Col5] int NULL,
	[Col6] int NULL,
	[Col7] datetime NULL,
	[Col8] int NULL,
	[Col9] bigint NULL,
	[Col10] [nvarchar](max) NULL,
PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED 
(
	[TableA_ID] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]

GO

 

After creating I will populate table with random data and then publish it. Once Snapshot of TableA wth 1 million rows delivered to Subscriber I am checking space  of msrepl_commands on distribution database for that Publication (nothing else is getting into that distribution db at this point).

Snapshot delivered

Right now msrepl_commands is 35 rows and 40KB reserved. It contains only initial snapshot. Article is set to use SCALL for updates. Lets send now 1 million updates just for one column, Col4 which is just INT. I will increase that column by number 100 that is it.

1 million SCALL updates sent down

After sending 1 million updates with SCALL my msrepl_commands table went to: 1000035 rows and 183368 KB reserved for that table.

Lets change article to normal CALL and lets send 1 million updates for Col5.

1 million CALL updates sent down

Now my msrepl_commands table went to 2000088 rows and reserved 759624 KB on drive. Just to explain why row count is not 2000035… it is because I changed article using sp_changearticle which added few rows still very small ones (should not take more than 40 KB)

Summary

As you can see using normal CALL will take way more space inside your distribution db

CALL = 576 256 KB

SCALL = 183 328 KB

Same transactions but with CALL we are using almost 3 times more of storage space. Before you change default SCALL setting to CALL think twice and check storage on your distributor.

If you have any questions just use comments section.

Did you use CALL in some cases and if yes to what were these? What setting do you normally use for UPDATES?

 

sp_msUpd% has too many arguments, sp_msUpd% expects parameter. Replication Procedures part 2

In previous post I explained basics of replication procedures. Now lets have a look into some common issues with these. Especially when you Publishing from two (or more) sources, same tables  into the  same destination (Subscriber).

Here is an example:

Twopublishers_articles

As you can see both articles from two different Publishers are using exactly same procedure. If you check Subscriber you will see only 3 (not 6) procedures for that table:

Subscriber_procs

In that specific scenario you need to be careful with any changes to schema on Publisher. Why? …..

Lets assume you have Subscriber that is getting data from two (or more) different sources (Publishers). TableA on Subscriber getting data from Publisher1 and Publisher2. By default replication procedure names will have the same name “sp_Msupd_dboTableA” , that means both publishers will be using exact same procedure for insert, updates and deletes. You are receiving request from DEV to modify that table. To be exact drop  a column. If you deploy change to Publisher1 only the replication procedure will be changed and new version (without dropped column) of the procedure will be applied on subscriber. The new procedure wont have that old column… but what about Publisher2? Publisher2 will be trying to execute procedure still with old column  and you will receive “Procedure or function sp_MSins_dboTableA has too many arguments specified.”.

Here is an example. We dropped column id_temp on Publisher1 and then inserted one row on Publisher2:

Column dropped

Once we did that Distribution agent for Publisher2 will start failing:

Dropped column error

How to solve it and/or how to prevent it to happen?

Solution

Once you get to that point when receiving such error you should follow these steps:

  1. Apply change (in our case drop column) on the second Publisher. This wont solve the issue straight away but it will modify replication procedure code to the same as we have on Publisher1. The DDL change will wait in the queue for delivery.
  2. As procedure on Subscriber has 2 instead of 3 parameters we need to modify that procedure manually and include 3rd parameter. modifying proc
  3. Completing Step 2 will cause any inserts coming from Publisher1 failing as modified procedure expect @c3, meanwhile Publisher2 will deliver command that was failing before. You can also set default NULL value in the proc @c3 bigint=NULL and this wont cause error on Publisher1error_publisher1
  4. Wait until change from Step 1 will be replicated down to Subscriber. It will change back procedure to version without old procedure. This will automatically fix distribution agent that will be failing (Step 2). Both Publisher will have same schema and same replication procedure code for that table.

Similar step you need to follow if u add  new column to replicated table. Just instead of adding parameter you need apply old procedure (without new column) from second Publisher (Scripting out Replication Procedures).

Preventing it

You can prevent it to happen in two ways.

  1. While you are configuring Publication. When you are adding articles to Publication you can specify INS/UPD/DEL procedure names. Just use different names for Publisher1 and Publisher2. Below you can see that both are using different procedures.Replication_procs_changed
  2. You can always modify procedures names by using sp_changearticle procedure on a Publisher. However if are receiving error on distribution agent already, this change wont help as we are using Transactional Replication the “change article” will be in the queue behind the failing command. You need to be proactive and do that change before error occur. Here is an example of modifying Insert procedure:    exec sp_changearticle
    @publication=’Publication2′,
    @article=’tableA’,
    @property=’ins_cmd’,
    @value=’CALL sp_MSins_TAbleA_Publisher2′

Now important thing is that you can’t prevent this issue to occur for dropped columns as the old procedure (from second Publisher) will try to insert data into old column anyways and column will be missing. If so happens follow the steps I provided in that post.

The Best way to avoid issues with replication procedures is working closely with DEV when doing schema changes and configure you publications as mentioned above.

Replication Procedures Explained Part 1

I already wrote in few other posts about so called “replication procedures”. What are these you wonder? These procedures are used by transactional replication to do INSERT/UPDATES/DELETES on Subscriber DB.

If you did not rename it (or modify it on Publisher) the default “prefix” will be sp_MSins%, sp_MSupd%, sp_MSdel% etc. The exact proc names you can find in properties of any article published while using SSMS (Publication Properties->Articles):

procs_guI

Or just run select on published database and sysarticles table:

procs_tsql

Here is an example of Insert procedure:

procedure_text
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
if object_id(N'[sp_MSins_dboTableA]', 'P') <> 0 
                                        drop proc [sp_MSins_dboTableA]
go
if object_id(N'dbo.MSreplication_objects') is not null 
                                    delete from dbo.MSreplication_objects where object_name = N'sp_MSins_dboTableA'
go
create procedure [sp_MSins_dboTableA] 
  @c1 int,@c2 nvarchar(400),@c3 bigint
as 
begin 
insert into [dbo].[TableA]( 
 [id]
,[TableA_text]
,[id_temp]
 )
values ( 
 @c1
,@c2
,@c3
 ) 
end
go
if columnproperty(object_id(N'dbo.MSreplication_objects'), N'article', 'AllowsNull') is not null 
exec ('insert dbo.MSreplication_objects (object_name, publisher, publisher_db, publication, article, object_type) values (
                                + N''sp_MSins_dboTableA'' , N''MAINTEST\PUBLISHER'' , N''AdventureWorks2014'' , N''Publication1'' , N''TableA'' ,''P'')')

 

These procs are executed on Subscriber when Insert/Update/Delete is performed. You most probably noticed that there is CALL or SCALL before each procedure. This determine how these commands are created and how data is replicated down. That topic is quite big and I will cover it in separate blog post.

These procedures DON’T exists as an objects on Publisher, however you can find these on Subscriber.

proc_subscriber

Replication procedures are delivered in two ways. If you initialize subscription with Snapshot the code for replication procedures is included in SCH (schema) files of the snapshot for given table. If you choose to not initialize the procedures will be delivered as normal command (you can actually browse it in distribution database). Important thing is that any changes to schema on published table will force replication to UPDATE all the procedures code  for changed tables and new version of procedures will be send down to Subscriber. Just a note on that, if you going over the WAN these procedures are delivered slowly, you just need to be aware of that especially if u changing hundreds on articles.

I already mentioned that these procedures do not exists as an object on Publisher. The question is how I can get code for these procedures on the Publishers? That is quite important question as there are some cases you will need the most “recent” procedure definition from Publisher. Remember that the procedure definition on Publisher is the actual one that is used by your replication at that point. You may have cases that code of replication procs been changed by someone or something on Subscriber and it caused replication to fail. In these cases you need the actual code from Publisher…. There are two ways of doing it.

  1. Script out all replication procedures for given Publication. Run following code:  exec sp_scriptpublicationcustomprocs @publication = ‘#publication name#’
  2. You can script out specific article and specific procedures (delete, insert, update etc.) First you need an article ID from sysarticles. Then once you have that you need to run following procedures in order to get procedure code:                                           exec  sp_scriptinsproc  #article_id# –for insert procedure                                           exec  sp_scriptupdproc  #article_id# –for update procedure                                          exec  sp_scriptdelproc  #article_id# –for delete procedure

Now there is problem with 2nd option. I already mention there are other ways of sending Updates or Deletes like SCALL, MCALL etc. If you using SCALL for example for updates you need to execute following: exec sp_scriptsupdproc. For MCALL  exec sp_scriptmappedupdproc. For XCALL: sp_scriptxupdproc etc. If you not sure what “call” you using just check sysarticles table on your Publisher.

Last thing you need to be aware is that when you generating code for these procedures into Text Results… you need to extend maximum characters for Text Results from default 256 to max which is 8192 (new setting will be only “active” when you open new query window). Otherwise some large procedures will be truncated and incomplete. I know small thing but still you need to be aware of this.

These are basics of replication procedures in next post I will focus on what problems and issues you may encounter with these.

Procedure or function sp_MSreplraiserror has too many arguments specified.

UPDATE (27/02/2018)

Some great news! It seems that that error been fixed in SQL 2014 SP2 CU3. More information here . They added following logic at the end of the replication procedures:

            IF @@rowcount = 0 
              IF @@microsoftversion > 0x07320000 
                BEGIN 
                    IF EXISTS (SELECT * 
                               FROM   sys.all_parameters 
                               WHERE  object_id = Object_id('sp_MSreplraiserror' 
                                                  ) 
                                      AND [name] = '@param3') 
                      BEGIN 
                          SET @primarykey_text = 
                          @primarykey_text + '[TableD_ID] = ' 
                          + CONVERT(NVARCHAR(100), @pkc1, 1) 

                          EXEC Sp_msreplraiserror 
                            @errorid=20598, 
                            @param1=N'[dbo].[TableD]', 
                            @param2=@primarykey_text, 
                            @param3=13233 
                      END 
                    ELSE 
                      EXEC Sp_msreplraiserror 
                        @errorid=20598 
                END 

 

It seems it is checking a version of SQL and if version is low it is executing proc without additional parameters.

Still if patching server is not an option for you, follow this blog post:)

END OF UPDATE

This is quite common error when you upgrade your 2014 publishers with SP2. First of all the best way of upgrading your replication infrastructure is to start with subscribers. In real world this is not always possible.

This error occurs when you apply SQL 2014 SP2 to your publishers but not to subscriber. It seems Microsoft modifying error handling (thank GOD!) for replication. Currently as you may know when u getting PK, row not found errors you only getting seqno and command id. Since 2014 SP2 the replication will give you table name and values of Primary Key (to identify the duplicate/missing row). That is great improvement as you don’t need to go to distributor to browse commands (more about browsing commands over here …. )

They added 3rd parameter to sp_MSreplraiserror procedures. Since this is systems proc you not able to update it on subscriber. The only permanent solution for this is applying SP2 to your subscriber.

However there is a workaround for this but only temporary one. First step is to script out ALL replication procs for given publication on publisher. Using following script:

sp_scriptpublicationcustomprocs @publication = ”

Once you copy output, paste it on subscriber db and replace  ‘,@param3=’ with ‘- -@param3=’

As I said this is just temporary solution as these procedures may be overwritten if you make changes to some or all articles, you create new subscription or drop/recreate it etc. When you add new articles you will need to repeat process for all articles or if you like for given articles you just added.

I know it is not the best solution for this but I don’t see any other way of doing it. If you do have other ideas, let me know in comments.